Monasteries and temples in Mongolia

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Amarbayasgalant Monastary


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Amarbayasgalant Monastery was build between 1726 and 1736. It is dedicated to Undur Gegeen Zanabazar and build by Ankh-Amgalan Khaan (Yongzheng?) in Manchu style. It was also heavily damaged by the communist purges, although still a great part survived. 10 out of the 37 temples and statues were destroyed.

The monastery was being restored by Unesco from 1975 until reopening in 1990. At the present moment 30 monks live here within the age range of 7-90. There is big number of young monks (13) in between the age of 7 and 13, who have for a great part been picked up from orphanages around Mongolia.

In the main temple is a life-size statue of Guru Deva Rinpoche who is the formal abbot of the monastery although he is only there a short time a year. From 1992 he has been putting effort in restoring temples, statues and scriptures. It is said he raised 1 million US$.

The main protector of the monastery is Dorjjugd. It seems to be that because of this protector a conflict with the Dalai Lama as arisen. According to the latter the practice of worshipping this deity would be harmful. According to an informant this deity would keep the Gelupa (also referred to as the Yellow sect in Buddhism) pure and so protect it from influence from other Buddhist schools. Since the Dalai Lama, although himself part of the Gelupa, is the worldly and  spiritual leader of the Tibetan people he has tried to bring the different traditions within Tibetan Buddhism together, instead of emphasizing its differences. Furthermore it is said that this practice would not just try to keep the Gelupa pure, but by doing this trying to damage the other traditions.

On May 25, 2001 the Ulaanbaatar based Amar Mur Centre of Amarbayasgalant Monastery for Training and External Relations was founded to establish contacts with a broad audience and give trainings. One of it activities has been organizing a public puja (Buddhist ceremony) for long life at the Ard Cinema.


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