Facts and figures on Mongolia
- Landlocked in between the bear, the Russian
Federation, and the dragon, China.
- The 6th largest country in Asia, and the 18th
largest in the world.
- Surface area
- 1.566.500 square km.
- Average altitude
- 1.580m above sea level.
- Altitude capital Ulaanbaatar
- 1.350m above sea level.
- Lowest point: Hoh Nuur
- 518 m above sea level.
- Highest point: Nayramadlin Orgil
- 4,374 m above sea level.
- Geographic coordinates
- 46 00 N, 105 00 E
- Coldest month: January
- Average temperature : - 35C
- Warmest month: July
- Average temperature: +25C
- Extreme continental; Desert.
(large temperature ranges, both daily and seasonal).
- Steppe, semidesert and desert plains, mountains.
- Over 260 sunny days a year , often with clear
- Rainfall and Snow
- Snow and rainfall are very low, the climate
being arid. However, enough rain usually occurs
in July and August to swell rivers, and snow blizzards
can occur in winter. The highest peaks have small
- Tugrug. 1Tugrug=100 mungu
- Exchange rate
- 1211 Tugrugs = 1 USd (Jan, 2005)
- 2.3 million people, and one of the lowest population
densities in the world. 1.5 inhabitants per 1
- Very high, in excess of 80%.
- Ethnic groups
- 85% Mongol, mostly Khalkha Mongol.
7% Turkic (mainly Kazakh),
3.4% other groups.
Four million Mongols live outside Mongolia.
- Over 90% Khalkha Mongol ('Mongolian Language').
The script is Cyrillic due to Russian influence
but a switch back to traditional script has begun
in schools. Minor languages include Kazakh.
- 94% Tibetan Buddhist Lamas , also elements
6% Muslim (mainly in the south- west).
- Government of Mongolia
- Parliamentary , with President second in authority
to State Great Hural (Parliament) .
- 1960 and 1992, some revision 1996.
- new! - Livestock Numbers
- According to the 2004 livestock census, the
number of livestock in Mongolia was 27,996,800:
up 10% on 2003.
Preliminary estimates indicate that there are
1,999,600 horses, 1,835,500 cows, 11,659,000 sheep
and 12,215,400 goats. Compared with 2003 the number
of horses has increased by 30,700; cows by 42,600;
sheep by 903,500 and goats by 1,562,700. The number
of camels fell by 400 to 256,300.
- Administrative subdivisions
- 21 Aimags (provinces),
3 autonomous cities ( Darkhan, Erdenet, Choir)
according to the UN Human Development Report 2002,
compared to the Netherlands.
|Life expectancy at birth
|GDP per capita (USD)
|Population under age 15
|Percentage of women working
|Percentage of GNP spent
on education 85-87
|Percentage of GNP spent
on education 95-97